Tuscany has been burdened by generations of travelers’ tiresome observations and volumes of the precious opinions of art historians. Indeed! The modern tourist and student probably spend more time reflecting upon other travelers’ observations and absorbing other scholars’ opinions regarding the Tuscans than they do in examining the Tuscans for themselves. So, let’s set aside our Vasaris, Ruskins, Burckhardts, and Baedekers and take a look at the Tuscans over the ages as they saw and described themselves. Our guides will be their civic buildings, their crafts and artifacts, their financial records, journals, churches, war songs and tombs.